Testosterone in male humans plays a key role in the growth of male reproductive tissues such as testicles and prostates, as well as promoting secondary sexual characteristics such as increased muscle and bone mass, and the growth of body hair. In addition, testosterone plays a role in health and wellness, preventing osteoporosis. Insufficient levels of testosterone in men can lead to disorders including debilitating and bone loss.
Testosterone steroid from the Androestan department contains a ketone and hydroxyl group in the three and seventeen positions respectively. It is naturally created at several stages of cholesterol and converted into inactive metabolites in the liver. It exerts its influence by binding to and activating androgen’s future. Testosterone is released mainly by male testicles, and to a lesser extent by female ovaries. On average, testosterone levels in adult males are about seven to eight times higher than in adult females.
What is Testosterone?
Testosterone is the androgen hormone produced by the testicles in men and ovaries in women. This hormone is often referred to as the primary masculinity hormone, where testosterone stimulates male sexual characteristics such as body hair and muscle growth, which is essential in sperm production, and in women plays an important role in egg growth and ovulation.
The chemical definition of testosterone is a potent steroid hormone its chemical formula C19-H28-O2.
Testosterone levels in men and women
There are two types of testosterone in the blood:
- Free testosterone also known as (T free) is a non-chemical testosterone in any way.
- Stable testosterone makes up the majority of your total testosterone, with about 98 percent of testosterone in your blood associated with one of two types of proteins: albumin or sexual hormone-related globulin (SHBG).
When your testosterone levels are tested, your doctor will assess both free testosterone levels and total testosterone levels.
Your total testosterone level includes both free and static testosterone. Total testosterone levels vary throughout the day. This level is higher in the morning and lower in the evening and night.
Levels for Man 19 Years or Older
- Total testosterone should be between 240 – 950 nanograms/dL.
- Free testosterone should be between 9 and 30 nanograms/dL.
Levels for Women 19 Years or Older
- Total testosterone should be between 8-60 nanograms/dL.
- Free testosterone should be between 0. 3-1. 9 nanograms/dL.
What is the role of testosterone in men and women?
Sperm development when men:
Testosterone is essential for the production of sperm in the testicles. However, the balance is very sensitive and very little and a lot of testosterone can lead to low sperm counts.
Secondary Male Characteristics
- Facial and other body hair growth, voice strengthening, muscle mass building, bone volume increase and body fat distribution.
- During puberty boys begin to produce higher levels of testosterone which leads to the development of secondary sexual characteristics of males.
- High levels of testosterone are associated with acne in men and women.
Egg development in ovaries in women:
The effect of testosterone on the growth of eggs in women is not entirely clear. The current theory is that testosterone prevents the “early” death of an egg in the early stages of follicle development.
Since there is a great relationship between testosterone and sex, and a high level of testosterone increases the level of sexual desire.
Build muscle mass:
Men have a larger muscle mass than women due to high levels of testosterone.
Testosterone may help men and women alleviate pain levels.
Learning and memory, especially spatial information:
Testosterone is associated with learning and memory, as well as information and spatial intelligence.
- Cognitive empathy includes the ability to read someone else’s feelings through body language and facial expressions, especially through eye changes.
- High testosterone levels are associated with less ability to read and identify people.
Women usually outperform men in cognitive empathy tests, and the theory is that low testosterone levels are why women are better at this skill.
Possible causes of low Testosterone
- Age after (50).
- Weight gain.
- Congenital or chromosomal diseases such as Kleinfelter syndrome (XXY) or Coleman’s syndrome.
- Pituitary problems.
- High concentration of iron.
- Chemotherapy and other cancer treatments.
- Medical surgeries.
- High level of tension.
Treatment of low Testosterone
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) works well to treat low testosterone levels caused by disease or age-related problems. Testosterone replacement therapy such as Testogen fixes low test levels by artificially raising them in the body.
Supplements such as Testogen artificially boost an individual’s natural test levels without surgery or risk-mitigation practices. Some test boosters are very powerful; The common type increases the normal production of red blood cells while also increasing their natural production of sex hormones such as testosterone and erythropoietin (FUEL).